Jakarta, January 28, 2018. The process of strengthening the Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil Certification System (ISPO), which has been running for the past one and a half years towards anti-climax. This strengthening process was initially expected to encourage sustainable management of palm oil and be able to improve the competitiveness of the palm oil sector. However, the neglect of the multistakeholder process and the contents of the draft Presidential Regulation (Perpres) on the ISPO Certification System compiled in January 2018 have the potential to be a step backward that further weakens ISPO.
The ISPO strengthening process has been carried out from June 2016 to September 2017. Initially, there was a fairly open dialogue between the government and stakeholders, including civil society, through a series of meetings in Jakarta and Bogor, and public consultations in the regions of Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua, which has produced several recommendations for the draft Perpres and the principles and criteria of the ISPO certification system. A national public consultation should be held before the finalization of the draft Perpres. Instead of holding national public consultations, the government led by the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs even held limited meetings so that the existing process was even more closed and the community – including the stakeholders involved initially – had difficulty gaining access to information on the progress of the process.
The draft Perpres drafted in January 2018 seemed to ignore the results and input of regional public consultations. Some important points of public input from the results of the Public Consultation on the draft of the ISPO Presidential Regulation were excluded from the draft draft version of January 2018, such as the principle of traceability and Human Rights (HAM). “Not referring to fundamental human rights principles in the ISPO certification system is clearly a step backwards,” said Sri Palupi of the Institute for Ecosoc Rights. Combining the principle of ‘protection of natural / primary forests and peat’ with ‘environmental management’ to ‘management of the environment, natural resources and biodiversity’ without referring back to the importance of the principle of ‘protection’ is one example of the content of the design that weakens ISPO. This shows the Government’s seriousness in protecting the remaining forests and peat and improving the competitiveness of the Indonesian palm oil industry.
Furthermore, Teguh Surya from the Madani Sustainability Foundation stated: “The draft draft of the January 2018 version also eliminates the obligation of certification for smallholders and independent smallholders. This will have implications for the release of government responsibility in encouraging and supporting capacity building and certification processes especially for independent smallholders. . “
“This draft draft also removes the regulation regarding independent monitoring of the ISPO certification system and the reduction of the position and role of independent observers to be part of the certification committee. This will undermine the credibility of the system itself.” added Mardi Minangsari from Kaoem Telapak.
Abu Meridian, koordinator Forum Koordinasi Masyarakat Sipil untuk penguatan ISPO mengatakan, ” Kami kelompok masyarakat sipil Abu Meridian, coordinator of the Civil Society Coordination Forum for strengthening ISPO said, “We civil society groups are calling on the Government of Indonesia to stop the process that is not transparent and participatory in discussing the draft of the Presidential Regulation on the ISPO certification system that has resulted in significant changes to the body of the Perpres outside the process “If there is no improvement in the process and substance of the draft draft until the enactment of this regulation, we declare that this process has failed to achieve the main objective of strengthening ISPO to improve governance and strengthen the competitiveness of the Indonesian palm oil sector.”
Serikat Petani Kelapa Sawit (SPKS) – Lembaga Ekolabel Indonesia (LEI)- Forest Watch Indonesia (FWI) – Jaringan Pemantau Independen Kehutanan (JPIK) – Kaoem Telapak – Yayasan Sumberdaya Dunia Indonesia – Greenpeace Indonesia – Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan – Institute for Ecosoc Rights – GAIA – Tropical Forest Foundation (TFF) -Padi Indonesia, Kalimantan Timur – Jasoil, Papua Barat – Uno Itam, Aceh – Lembaga Tiga Beradik (LTB) Jambi – Evergreen, Sulawesi Tengah – Yayasan Pusaka – Sayogyo Institute – Indonesia Center for Environmental Law – Kemitraan – GeRak Aceh – Stabil Kalimantan Timur – MATA Aceh – Perkumpulan Bantuan Hukum Kalimantan – PPLH Mangkubumi – JAPESDA Gorontalo – GRID Kalimantan Barat – LPMA Borneo, Kalimantan Selatan – Yayasan Peduli Nanggroe Atjeh (PeNA), Aceh – Jikalahari, Riau – KomnasDes, Sulawesi Tenggara – HAKI, Sumatera Selatan – LinkAR, Kalimantan Barat – TERAS, Sulawesi Tenggara – POKKER SHK, Kalimantan Tengah – Yayasan Konservasi Way Seputih (YKWS), Lampung – ROA, Sulawesi Tengah – Jurnal Celebes, Sulawesi Selatan – Yayasan Mitra Insani (YMI), Riau – HAKA, Aceh – Perkumpulan Bin Madag Hom Teluk Bintuni, Papua Barat – Wallacea, Sulawesi Selatan – Yayasan Intsia Papua, Papua – PHPKP, Papua Barat – LBH Papua, Papua.
Contact Person :
- Sri Palupi, email@example.com , 0813 1917 3650
- Teguh Surya, firstname.lastname@example.org , 0819 1519 1979
- Abu Meridian, email@example.com , 0823 11 600 535
- Mardi Minangsari, firstname.lastname@example.org , 0818 100 930
Note for Editor
- Since the 1970s oil palm has been chosen by the Indonesian government as a model for fast economic development that is a mainstay of state revenues. As if there were no restrictions, the concession area continued to increase reaching 300-500 thousand hectares per year, Indonesian plantation statistics 2015-2017.
- Recorded from 133 thousand hectares that produced 216 thousand tons in the 1970s, currently oil palm plantation concessions control 12.3 million hectares and production figures reach 35.3 million tons in 2017
- Indonesia loses 684,000 hectares of forest annually due to illegal logging, forest fires, forest encroachment and forest conversion, one of which is for oil palm plantations. Based on data from the Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA), Indonesia ranks second in the world’s highest forest loss after Brazil ranks first. In fact, Indonesia is called a megadiverse country because it has one of the largest forests with the richest biodiversity in the world.
- The government’s action to ignore the agreement in the multistakeholder process of strengthening ISPO also took place earlier in January 2017, which has prompted a number of civil society groups to issue position papers on Indonesia’s sustainable palm oil industry and ISPO schemes. Position paper can be downloaded via http://jpik.or.id/info/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Kertas-Posisi_IND.pdf