Jakarta, May 4, 2017 – At least 2.7 million hectares of primary natural forest and peatland, equivalent to 5 times the size of Bali Island, disappeared during the six years of implementing policies to postpone new licenses and improve governance of primary natural forests and peatlands. In the same period, every year 28% of hotspots had destroyed the protected forest area on the Moratorium map.
Such is the worrying finding of the implementation of the Moratorium policy revealed by the Civil Society Coalition to Save Indonesia’s Forests and Global Climate today in Jakarta. The findings show that during the six years of the current policy, there has been a reduction in the area of the suspension of new licenses covering an area of 2,701,938 hectares. Ironically, the extent of the area is unknown where it was converted.
“The logic of the forest and peat protection policy in this Moratorium should be to increase the area of forests and peatlands saved, but on the contrary it decreases with unclear reasons and processes. The lack of transparency is a major factor this policy is not effective, “said Linda Rosalina from Forest Watch Indonesia.
Lebih dari dua dekade, bencana lingkungan akibat hancurnya hutan telah bMore than two decades, environmental disasters caused by the destruction of forests have had a serious impact on people’s lives. Forest and peatland fires in the last quarter of 2015 were the worst in history. The Government of Indonesia has committed to improve governance of forests and peatlands by issuing INPRES No. 10 of 2011 concerning Postponement of Granting of New Permits and Improving Governance of Primary Natural Forests and Peatlands which are in effect for 2 years. This policy was extended with the issuance of INPRES Number 6 of 2013 and then extended again by INPRES Number 8 of 2015 without any strengthening of the protective substance.
“In practice, even though it has been implemented for 6 years, the policy has not been able to overcome problems related to the management of primary natural forests and peatlands. The policy is implemented partially and has not yet had a significant impact on efforts to save remaining natural forests and peat, “said Yustina Murdiningrum from the Epistema Institute.
Zainuri Hasyim from Kaoem Telapak also confirmed, during 2015 there were 69,044 hotspots nationally. Around 31 percent or 21,552 hotspots actually occur in areas that are declared protected in the Indicative Map on Delays in Granting New Permits (PIPPIB). While the average distribution of hotspots in the PIPPIB region from 2011 to 2016 is around 28.5% of the national hotspot distribution. Even hotspot trends tend to increase.
Meanwhile, from the Revised PIPPIB I to Revision XI, the forest cover in the PIPPIB experienced a reduction of 831,053 hectares. This means that the policy has not been able to stop deforestation even within the moratorium area (PIPPIB) itself. Another thing is the existence of community management areas in the social forestry scheme that are included in the PIPPIB area. This has the potential to disrupt management permits that are still valid and which will be submitted so as to hamper the achievement of social forestry targets.
“There is still a change of function and allocation of forest areas in various regions to smooth the megaproject. This will threaten not only forests and peatlands themselves but also the rights of indigenous and local communities, “said Yoseph Watopa from Yali Papua.
This policy has not been able to overcome deforestation and various governance problems in primary natural forests and peatlands. Why?
- As a non-legislative document, INPRES has no legal consequences if not implemented;
- The exclusion of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources in INPRES No. 10 of 2011, INPRES No.6 of 2013 and INPRES No. 8 of 2015. The expansion of plantations and mines that undermine forest areas should be a reason to include the two ministries as those who received this instruction.;
- This policy still excludes secondary forests with good cover from protection so that most of the coverage is protected and conservation forests that are actually protected by law;
- Making various exceptions which weaken the purpose of delaying the granting of new permits. For example, excluding forests that have obtained ‘principle licenses’, exclusion of land needed for vital development projects, does not prohibit the extension of permits for forest exploitation and / or use of forest areas as long as the business permit is still valid;
- Lack of transparency and openness of public information about the management of forests and other natural resources, for example there is no openness of forest maps and the PIPPIB revision process is still not open.;
- Differences in interpretation of the peatland categories between the local government and the KLHK technical implementation unit so that peatlands that should be included in the PIPPIB are actually issued in the next revised PIPPIB.
The existence of forests is very important for the sustainability of Indonesia’s economy and is the last stronghold to mitigate global environmental and climate disasters. Realizing this, the Civil Society Coalition to Save Indonesia’s Forests and the Global Climate provides full support to the President of Indonesia to continue the commitment to protect forests and peat ecosystems with a stronger legal basis (Presidential Regulation).
For this reason, the President is urged to be able to take strategic actions together with other stakeholders, in the form of:
- Prepare Indonesia Road Map Towards Deforestation-Free in 2020
- Creating an Indonesian Action Plan Towards Deforestation-Free in 2020;
- Monitor the implementation of the Action Plan Towards a Deforestation-Free Indonesia in 2020;
- Speed up the publication of the One Map Policy;
- Evaluate integrated licensing;
- Carry out law enforcement and alternative dispute resolution..
“These six strategic steps are positive and strong indicators that can be measured from the Government of Indonesia to the world as a form of commitment to stop the rate of destruction of tropical rain forests as promised by President Jokowi in Paris 2015,” said Teguh Surya from the Madani Sustainable Foundation.
Linda Rosalina (FWI), +6285710886024
Yustina Murdiningrum (Epistema Institute), +6282226540885
Zainuri Hasyim (Kaoem Telapak), +62 811-754-409
Yoseph Watopa (Yali Papua), +6281344835232
Teguh Surya (Yayasan Madani Berkelaniutan), +6281915191979
Koalisi Masyarakat Sipil Indonesia untuk Penyelamatan Hutan Indonesia dan Iklim Global
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