September 2019 is a one-year implementation of Palm Oil Moratorium, this regulation was signed by President Joko ‘Jokowi’ Widodo under Presidential Instruction (Inpres) Number 18 year 2018. This regulation was aimed to halt the issuance of new permits of palm oil, good governance, and productivity improvement.
There are four important agendas in this regulation. First, the government will postpone the issuance of forest release forms during the moratorium’s implementation, which is three years since the Inpres was first issued. Second, the government will review all oil palm plantation permits that have been issued. Third, the government will follow up all permit reviews with two options-return the land as forest areas and/or enforce the law such as imposing fines for violations. Fourth, the government will ensure the fulfillment of oil palm fruits supplies to the industry through land productivity improvement efforts, instead of land expansion.
All in all, the moratorium policy offers the Indonesian palm oil industry an opportunity to improve land legality and productivity. This is in line with efforts to achieve sustainable palm oil production in Indonesia. However, the availability of the complete data of palm plantations is still challenged that needs to be resolved first.
Civil society for Palm Oil Moratorium was made to assist the implementation of palm oil moratorium, in which this year is one-year the implementation of it. This report highlighted how the regulation has been implementing, challenges, and case study where it shall be a priority case which needs to be resolved.